Hugo Chávez

Досье Hugo Chávez

Происхождение: Sabaneta, Barinas
Дата рождения:28 Июля 1954
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Hugo Chávez родился 28 Июля 1954 года. Он был рожден в городе Sabaneta, Barinas. Hugo социалист.

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Вот, что рассказывает Hugo о себе:
I was born on July 28, 1954 in the town of Sabaneta, Barinas. The second son of two schoolteachers, me  and Elena Frías de Chávez, I am of mixed Amerindian, Afro-Venezuelan, and Spanish descent. I was raised in a thatched palm leaf house near Sabaneta. At an early age, I was sent to Sabaneta with my older brother Adán to live with my paternal grandmother, Rosa Inés Chávez. There, I pursued hobbies such as painting, singing, and baseball, while also attending elementary school at the Julián Pino School. I was later forced to relocate to the town of Barinas to attend high school at the Daniel Florencio O'Leary School.

At age seventeen, I enrolled at the Venezuelan Academy of Military Sciences. After graduating in 1975 as a sub-lieutenant with a degree in Military Arts and Science, I entered military service for several months. I was then allowed to pursue graduate studies in political science at Caracas' Simón Bolívar University, but left without a degree.

As the leader of the Bolivarian Revolution, I promote my vision of democratic socialism, Latin American integration, and anti-imperialism. I'm also an ardent critic of neoliberal globalization and United States foreign policy.

A career military officer, I found the left-wing Fifth Republic Movement after orchestrating a failed 1992 coup d'état against former President Carlos Andrés Pérez. I was elected President in 1998 on promises of aiding Venezuela's poor majority, and was reelected in 2000 and in 2006. Domestically, I have launched Bolivarian Missions, whose goals are to combat disease, illiteracy, malnutrition, poverty, and other social ills. Abroad, I have acted against the Washington Consensus by supporting alternative models of economic development, and have advocated cooperation among the world's poor nations, especially those in Latin America.

My reforms have evoked controversy in Venezuela and abroad, receiving both vehement criticism and enthusiastic support. Some foreign governments, especially the government of the United States, view me as a threat to global oil prices and regional stability. Others sympathize with my ideology or welcome my bilateral trade and reciprocal aid agreements. In 2005 and 2006 I was named one of Time magazine's 100 most influential people.